List of national parks and national forests in Myanmar

Myanmar (i/ˌmjɑːnˈmɑː/ myahn–mar) or Burma (i/ˈbɜrmə/ bur-mə), is a country in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand. One-third of Burma’s total perimeter of 1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. At 676,578 km2 (261,227 sq mi), it is the 40th largest country in the world and the second largest country in Southeast Asia. Burma is also the 24th most populous country in the world with over 60.28 million people. In recent years, the country and its military leadership has made large concessions to democratic activists and is slowly improving its relations with the major powers and the UN.

List of national parks and national forests in Myanmar:

1. Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park and national forests

The Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park, with an area of 1,605 square kilometers, is the largest national park in Burma (Myanmar). The park consists of the Patolon Reserved Forest and the adjoining Taungdwin Reserved Forest. The Patolon Forest Reserve was originally established on 21 July 1893 and was enlarged in 1917. The Taungdwin Reserved Forest was established effective 1 December 1893. In 1941, Taungdwin was made into a wildlife sanctuary by the British colonial government, and it was upgraded to a national park in 1984 by the Burmese government.

2. Hlawaga National Park and national forests

Hlawaga National Park is a national park located in Mingaladon, Yangon Division, Myanmar, 22 miles (35 km) north of Yangon. The 1540-acre (623-hectare) park includes an 818-acre (313 hectare) wildlife park, a 62-acre (25-hectare) mini-zoo and a 660-acre (267-hectare) buffer zone. First established as an environmental education center in 1982, the national park is a popular day-trip destination with Yangonites and ecotourists.

3. Khakaborazi National Park and national forests

Khakaborazi National Park is a national park of Burma. It is located in Naungmung Township in Kachin State. It occupies an area of 1,472 square miles (3,810 km2) and was established in 1996. It surrounds Hkakabo Razi, the highest peak in Burma.

4. Lenya National Park and national forests

Lenya National Park is a national park located in the Tenasserim Hills, Burma in the border area with Thailand, limiting with the Nam Tok Huay Yang National Park. The park consists of 176,638 hectares of lowland tropical forest. The main purpose of the national park is the maintenance of natural resources. The demarcation is in course. It is governed by the Burma Forest Department and the level of protection is partial, for logging and forest plantations are allowed.

5. Lampi Island Marine National Park and national forests

The Lampi Island Marine National Park is a demarcated marine national park located in Lanbi Island, Mergui Archipelago, Burma. It is governed by the Burma Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division and the level of protection is total. The altitudes within the park range from sea level to 455 m. The main purposes of the reserve are habitat conservation of both marine and island resources. The typical habitats are coral reefs, tropical evergreen forest and mangroves.

6. Loimwe National Park and national forests

Loimwe National Park is a national park in the Shan Hills, Burma. It is located near Loi Mwe or Lwemwe, meaning “misty mountain”, the former location of the headquarters of the British District Commissioner in colonial Burma.

7. Mount Victoria National Park and national forests

Mount Victoria National Park or Nat Ma Taung is a national park of Burma. It is located in Chin State. It occupies an area of 279 square miles (720 km2) and was established in 1994. It surrounds Nat Ma Taung, formerly Mount Victoria.

8. Tanintharyi National Park and national forests

The Tanintharyi National Park is a demarcated national park located in the Tenasserim Hills, Burma, further south from the Tanintharyi Nature Reserve in the border area with Thailand. It is governed by the Burma Forest Service and the level of protection is total. The altitudes within the park range from sea level to 1,490 m.

9. Popa Mountain National Park and national forests

Popa Mountain National Park is a national park of Burma. It is located in Kyaukpadaung Township in Mandalay Division. It occupies an area of 49.63 square miles (129 km2) and was established in 1989. It surrounds Mount Popa.