Algeria i/ælˈdʒɪəriə/ (Arabic: الجزائر, al-Jazā’ir; Berber: Dzayer), officially the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria (al-Jumhūriyyah al-Jazāʾiriyyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah ash-Shaʿbiyyah), also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, is a large country in the Maghreb region with Algiers as its capital.
When referring to its land area, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world and the largest in Africa. The country is bordered in the northeast by Tunisia, in the east by Libya, in the west by Morocco, in the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea. Its size is almost 2,400,000 square kilometres (926,645 sq mi) with an estimated population of 37.1 million as of 2012. Algeria is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC and the United Nations. The country is also a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union.
List of national parks and national forests in Algeria:
1. Abaaba National Park and national forests
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2. Ahaggar National Park and national forests
The Hoggar Mountains (Arabic: جبال هقار, Berber: idurar n Ahaggar), also known as the Ahaggar, are a highland region in central Sahara, or southern Algeria, along the Tropic of Cancer. They are located about 1,500 km (900 mi) south of the capital, Algiers and just west of Tamanghasset. The region is largely rocky desert with an average altitude of more than 900 metres (2,953 feet) above sea level. The highest peak is at 3,003 meters (Mount Tahat). Assekrem is a famous and often visited point where le Père de Foucauld lived in the summer of 1905. The main city nearby the Ahaggar is Tamanghasset, built in a desert valley or wadi.
3. Belezma National Park and national forests
The Belezma National Park (Arabic:الحظيرة الوطنية بلزمة) is one of the most important national parks of Algeria. It is located in Batna Province. Created in 1984, it stretches over an area of 262.5 km², the climate ranges from a cool subhumid climate to a dry semi-arid climate, it contains 447 species of flora (14% of the national total) and 309 species of fauna, of which 59 are protected species.
4. Chrea National Park and national forests
The Chréa National Park (Arabic:الحديقة الوطنية الشريعة) is one of the smallest national parks of Algeria. It is located in Blida Province, named after Chréa, a town near this park. The park, located in a mountainous area known as the Blidean Atlas (which is part of the Tell Atlas) includes the ski station of Chréa, one of the few ski stations in Africa where skiing can be done on natural snow, and the grotto of Chiffa.
5. Djurdjura National Park and national forests
The national park of Djurdjura (Arabic: الحديقة الوطنية جرجرة) is one of the national parks of Algeria. It is located in Kabylia, named after the Djurdjura mountain chain. Nearby cities include Tizi Ouzou (to the north) and Bouïra (to the south). The park is home to a very broken tectonics, as well as many forests, grottoes, gorges, and important fauna, including the endangered Barbary Macaque, Macaca sylvanus, a primate whose prehistoric distribution in North Africa was much broader than today.
6. El Kala National Park and national forests
The national park of El Ka la (Arabic: الحديقة الوطنية القالة) is one of the national parks of Algeria, in the extreme north-east of the country. It is home to several lakes (including Lake Tonga, whose name is unrelated to Tonga) and a unique ecosystem in the Mediterranean basin, it was created in 1983 and recognized as a biosphere reserve by the UNESCO in 1990. The park is threatened by the creation of a highway in Algeria, which would threathen the rare animals and plants of the park. It has been proposed that the highway should avoid this region and go further south. El Kala National Park and Biosphere Reserve is home to 40 species of mammals, 25 bird of prey species, 64 freshwater bird species and 9 marine bird species. The Barbary stag is prevalent in the park.
7. Gouraya National Park and national forests
The national park of Gouraya (Arabic: الحديقة الوطنية قورايا) is one of the coastal national parks of Algeria. It is located in Béjaïa Province, near the town of Sidi Touati. The park is located 30 kilometers north-east of Jijel. The park includes the 660 meter (2.165 feet) high mountain of Gouraya, where the park got its name, in addition to many beaches and cliffs, which make the park a swimming destination for many Algerians. It is a UNESCO-recognized biosphere reserve, with a varied flora and fauna, including Barbary Macaques and jackals who live in the forests in this park; the Barbary Macaque is a primate with a very restricted range of portions of northwestern North Africa and disjunctively in Gibraltar.
8. Tassili n’Ajjer National Park and national forests
Tassili n’Ajjer (Berber: Tasili n Ajjer, meaning “Plateau of the Rivers”; Arabic: طاسيلي ناجر) is a mountain range in the Algerian section of the Sahara Desert. It is a vast plateau in south-east Algeria at the borders of Libya and Niger, covering an area of 72,000 km2.
9. Taza National Park and national forests
The national park of Taza (Arabic:الحظيرة الوطنية تازة) is one of the smaller national national parks of Algeria. It is located in Jijel Province, named after Taza, a town near this park. The park is located 30 kilometers north-east of Jijel. The park includes the caves of Jijel, in addition to sand beaches and many cliffs and grottoes. It is a UNESCO-recognized biosphere reserve, with a varied flora and fauna, including the barbary ape, an endangered primate with narrowly restricted present distribution.
10. Theniet El Had National Park and national forests
The Théniet El Had National Park is one of the 10 national parks of Algeria. It is located in Tissemsilt Province, named after Théniet El Haâd, a town near this park. It has several forests, and it is located in the foothills of the highest peak (1.985 meter/ 6.512 feet high) of the Ouarsenis, a mountain chain in the Tell Atlas; home to a diversified flora and fauna. It is a popular hiking destination for many Algerians.
11. Tlemcen National Park and national forests
The Tlemcen National Park (Arabic:الحديقة الوطنية تلمسان) is one of the more recent national parks of Algeria. It is located in Tlemcen Province, named after Tlemcen, a city near this park. The park includes the forests of Ifri, Zariffet, and Aïn Fezza, the waterfalls and cliffs of El Awrit, and many archeoligcal sites and the ruins of Mansoura, the ancient city on whose ruins Tlemcen was built, as well the Mosque of Sidi Boumediene, the patron saint of Tlemcen.